ClinGen Dosage Sensitivity Curation Page

XIAP

  • Curation Status: Complete

Location Information

Select assembly: (NC_000023.10) (NC_000023.11)

Haploinsufficiency phenotype comments:

Loss of function mutations in XIAP cause X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome and approximately 15% of mutations are large deletions. Generally, males are affected but may be asymptomatic. Females are unaffected carriers. This condition is not associated with intellectual disability or congenital anomalies and immunodeficiency is not seen with XIAP mutations (as opposed to SH2D1A mutations). See GeneReviews.

The loss-of-function and triplosensitivity ratings for genes on the X chromosome are made in the context of a male genome to account for the effects of hemizygous duplications or nullizygous deletions. In contrast, disruption of some genes on the X chromosome causes male lethality and the ratings of dosage sensitivity instead take into account the phenotype in female individuals. Factors that may affect the severity of phenotypes associated with X-linked disorders include the presence of variable copies of the X chromosome (i.e. 47,XXY or 45,X) and skewed X-inactivation in females.

  • Triplosensitivity score: 0
  • Strength of Evidence (disclaimer): No evidence for dosage pathogenicity

The loss-of-function and triplosensitivity ratings for genes on the X chromosome are made in the context of a male genome to account for the effects of hemizygous duplications or nullizygous deletions. In contrast, disruption of some genes on the X chromosome causes male lethality and the ratings of dosage sensitivity instead take into account the phenotype in female individuals. Factors that may affect the severity of phenotypes associated with X-linked disorders include the presence of variable copies of the X chromosome (i.e. 47,XXY or 45,X) and skewed X-inactivation in females.