ClinGen Dosage Sensitivity Curation Page

SLC2A1

Curation Status: Complete

Gene Information

Location Information

Evidence for Loss Phenotypes

Evidence for loss of function phenotype
PubMed ID Description
10980529 Children presenting with infantile seizures, acquired microcephaly, and developmental delay were found to have novel heterozygous mutations in the GLUT1 (SLC2A1). Mutations included complete gene deletion, nonsense, splicing, frameshift and missense.
25532859 SLC2A1 mutations were found in 2 of 93 children with generalized epilepsy. One had a de novo deletion in exon 4 resulting in a premature stop with myoclonic atonic seizures, and the other (Patient 2), an inherited paternal missense mutation with idiopathic generalized epilepsy . The father of Patient 2 presented with paroxysmal excercise induced dyskinesia (PED) and no history of seizures. The monozygotic father's twin brother had epileptic seizures and PED. Causal mutations are most likely to be found in early onset absence epilepsy.
25564316 An Italian study found that sporadic GLUT1 deficiency tended to be more severe than familial mutations. The familial cases were all missense and the sporadic cases were both missense and frameshift/splicing or nonsense.

Evidence for Triplosenstive Phenotype

NOTE:The loss of function score should be used to evaluate deletions, and the triplosensitivity score should be used to evaluated duplications. CNVs encompassing more than one gene must be evaluated in their totality (e.g. overall size, gain vs. loss, presence of other genes, etc). The rating of a single gene within the CNV should not necessarily be the only criteria by which one defines a clinical interpretation. Individual interpretations must take into account the phenotype described for the patient as well as issues of penetrance and expressivity of the disorder. ACMG has published guidelines for the characterization of postnatal CNVs, and these recommendations should be utilized (Genet Med (2011)13: 680-685). Exceptions to these interpretive correlations will occur, and clinical judgment should always be exercised.